Bespoke Stone Steps London
Famous Monuments Built in Portland Stone

Famous Monuments Built in Portland Stone

Portland stone is one of the most famous and popular construction materials in the world. The Jurassic limestone is quarried exclusively on the Isle of Portland in Dorset. The creamy white colour and hard-wearing durability combine elegance, prestige and strength. It is no surprise then, that Portland stone has been used in the construction of some of the most famous monuments in the world. Portland stone has been quarried since the Roman times. Famous local monuments include Rufus Castle, Exeter Cathedral and Portland Castle. It has been shipped to London since the 14th Century. In the early 17th Century, Indigo Jones used Portland stone for the construction  of the Banqueting Hall in Whitehall.Its popularity soared in the late 17th Century after the devastation of the Great Fire of  London in 1666 when timber was no longer considered a viable building material. Hard-wearing yet soft enough to cut and carve, Portland stone was considered an ideal construction material for London’s changeable climate. Portland stone has proved to be one of the most pollution-resistant stones in the UK. Wherever you go in London, you will see some of its most famous monuments built with Portland stone, that have stood the test of time and war.   The Monument   The Monument was built between 1671 and 1677. It is a Greek-styled, fluted column made of Portland stone, topped with a decorative urn of fire. It was designed by Christopher Wren to commemorate the Great Fire of London. The Monument is strategically placed to mark where the fire started. It is 202 feet tall and 202 feet away from the baker’s shop in Pudding lane where the fire began.   The Cenotaph   The Cenotaph (Greek for...
From The Quarry To Your Home – How Quarried Stone Is Moved.

From The Quarry To Your Home – How Quarried Stone Is Moved.

Two of the most popular stones in London are Portland and York stone. Portland, a Jurassic limestone, quarried on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, has been used extensively for building construction in London. This elegant, creamy, white stone is a popular choice for steps and entrance ways, adding a touch of luxury and prestige to your home. York stone is a durable, hard-wearing sandstone that is quarried exclusively in Yorkshire. It has been used for construction since the Roman times. The majority of street paving and cobbles in London are made from York stone. It is a popular choice for exterior paving and entrance ways. The naturally warm colour adds a rustic, homely feel to any property. But have you ever considered how a stone supplier transports such heavy stone from the quarry? In ancient Egypt, during the construction of the pyramids, giant slabs of rock were hauled with pulley systems, using ropes and moveable wooden tracks and sleds. Thousands of slaves and oxen would drag the rocks to the riverside where they were loaded onto specially constructed barges. Portland Today, mechanical systems are used, however, even with modern technology, removal of quarried stone is a time-consuming and laborious task. On the Isle of Portland, traditional excavation methods are still used to a certain extent. Specialised digging and drilling equipment is used to clear the overlying rock layers and bring the Portland stone to the surface. Explosives are rarely used in modern quarrying. They have been replaced by wire saws; a more efficient and faster way of cutting the stone out of the rock face. Cut blocks are displaced using water-filled hydraulic bags which uses force to remove the stone, causing minimum damage. Large wheel loaders are...
Exterior Stone Paving –  Granite And Portland Stone

Exterior Stone Paving – Granite And Portland Stone

Exterior paving is one of the most costly and permanent features to your outdoor area, so you need to carefully consider the type of stone that you want to use. Another important factor is where you plan to pave. The front of a property, steps, around a swimming pool or a simple patio area will determine which type of stone is suitable and also the image you want to portray. Granite and Portland are two types of natural stone that will add beauty and value to your outdoor area. Granite  Granite is the hardest stone there is. It is an igneous rock with a coarse, grainy appearance and a swirling pattern. It is available in a wide range of colours: black, grey, cream, brown and even blue hues. Granite is quarried in many countries around the world including, Italy, USA, Canada, Portugal and Russia. It is an incredibly durable stone. It has been used for construction since ancient times. Structures built by ancient Greeks and Egyptians are still standing today. Famous examples are the pyramids of Egypt and the Parthenon in Greece. The resistance and weight-bearing capacity of granite makes it an ideal choice for driveways. Hard-wearing, it can withstand the most harshest weather conditions. With hardly any maintenance requirements, granite is a ideal for outdoor areas. The stone is non-slip, making it a good choice for outdoor steps and poolside paving. Portland Stone     If you wish to add a touch of elegance to your outdoor area, then you should consider Portland stone. Portland is a creamy-white coloured, Jurassic limestone, quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. It is one of the most extensively used stones in London. Portland stone became popular back...
Portland Stone

Portland Stone

Portland Stone Portland stone is one of the most famous building stones in the world, and perhaps the most famous ever produced in the UK. A Jurassic limestone that hails from the Isle of Portland, Dorset, it has been used for many prestigious buildings and is renowned for its luxury. Its creamy white aesthetics make it one of the most sought-after building materials for homeowners and businesses alike. Properties of Portland Stone Composed from limestone that formed in shallow sub-tropical seas during the age of the dinosaurs, Portland Stone is distinguished by its creamy colour and the fossilised shells and miniscule pieces of coral within. Its fine white grain is easy to work, making it a favourite for stonemasons. Portland Stone Steps Quarried since Roman times, Portland stone has been shipped to London for building projects since the 14th century. Early in the 17th century, extraction of the stone became an industry and it quickly became the established building stone for the capital. Today, Portland stone is widely exported, and it remains popular for prestigious entrances due to its highly unique, marble-like appearance. Ideal for internal and external use, it isn’t just visually attractive, it’s also one of the most durable options on the market today. Unlike marble, it can be carved easily to fit any space and does not become slippery when wet, making it a safe option for external steps. An Entrance of Elegance Portland Stone is a favourite amongst stonemasons due to its versatility and durability. Used for many graceful buildings in London, including Buckingham Palace and the Bank of England, it’s synonymous with the architect...
Why Britain’s Cultural Foundations Are Based on Portland Stone

Why Britain’s Cultural Foundations Are Based on Portland Stone

Britain’s building stones support the foundations of our civilisation. Recent extreme weather events underline this, highlighting the importance of Portland stone for Devon railways. In February 2014, repairs on a section of railway track at Dawlish were called off for safety reasons after the supporting track ballast was washed away. Track ballast, made from crushed Portland stone, supports the railway sleepers and, under usual conditions, maintains drainage of the track. Alarming pictures were published of the bare railway track minus its ballast. Unique Origins Portland stone is a unique limestone found only on the Jurassic coast of East Devon and Dorset. It was formed over 140 million years ago in the warm, subtropical seas which then surrounded Britain. Calcium carbonate in the sea snowballed around small fragments of coral and shell in the mud of the sea floor, forming spheres called ooliths. Over time, quantities of ooliths compacted together, eventually becoming Portland stone. Its geological origins mean that Portland stone is hard enough to stand up to weathering, but can easily be cut and carved by masons. Building Civilisation Stone was first quarried from the Isle of Portland in Roman times and used for buildings in nearby Dorchester. After the Great Fire in 1666, nearly all significant buildings in London were rebuilt using Portland stone, the most famous of these being St Paul’s Cathedral. And it was the material of choice for many homes constructed during the housing boom of the Georgian era. Until the arrival of the railways in the early 20th century, the use of Portland stone was restricted to areas within easy reach by water. Properties...
Hard and Soft Landscaping

Hard and Soft Landscaping

Hard and soft landscaping can both play a pivotal role in improving an outdoor living space. Hard landscaping – or hardscaping – refers to management of hard materials such as stones and rocks, whilst softscaping is used when the management of gardens, grass, flowerbeds and trees is being implemented. When great hard and soft landscaping are fused together, the results can be extraordinary. Beauty and Practicality Hard landscaping is focused on the practical as well as the visual, whilst softscaping is generally used to provide the decorative final touches. We can offer both hard and soft landscaping, working with your outdoor space to create something of real value and beauty. Sometimes, softscaping can’t be implemented until all hardscape features are put in place. We can work closely alongside you to create magical outdoor space that you enjoy for years to come – whilst adding a meaningful sum of value to your home. A Passion for Outdoor Space Allow the London Stone Step Company to be your one-stop shop for soft and hardscaping. We can provide excellent access to your gardens, flowers, trees and plants via paving stones, driveways and steps. Some of the materials that we can offer include Yorkstone, Portman Stone and granite. Whether you have a firm idea of what you’re looking for or need a little help in coming up with ideas, why not let us help? We have provided hard and soft landscaping for an array of residential and commercial clients in the south east of England, enthralling all our clients with our skill, dedication and passion for stunning outdoor spaces. Vast Skills and Techniques...